Matching Cell Counts between Vi–CELL XR and Vi–CELL BLU

When a new instrument technology is introduced it may be necessary to revalidate existing protocols on the new platforms. With this consideration in mind we have designed the Vi–CELL BLU with the flexibility to adjust the measurement parameters to match results obtained on an existing Vi–CELL XR system. Complete matching may not be possible in all cases as the performance characteristics between the two instrument are different. However, for many standard types of cells it should be possible to match the results between machines to acceptable levels.

To demonstrate this, a series of different types of cells were run on the Vi–CELL XR using typical Cell Type parameters for the cells used. Duplicate samples were also run on Vi–CELL BLU instruments using the system default Cell Type parameters. The Vi–CELL BLU data were reanalyzed, adjusting the Cell Type parameters as necessary, until a new Cell Type provided a Cell Concentration match within +/–5%* and Viable cell density levels within +/–2.5%* of the Vi-CELL XR results. Replicate samples were then run using the new Cell Type to confirm the results.
  

Methods

  1. The Vi–CELL XR and Vi–CELL BLU instruments were first baselined using manufacturer recommended standard beads and protocols.
  2. Instrument performance was then verified using 1M beads/mL BEC concentration controls (Catalog number 175478) on Vi–CELL XR and Vi–CELL BLU instruments. (Alternative bead concentrations can be utilized as long as the concentration is determined using another particle counter such as a Multisizer Coulter Counter).
  3. Before proceeding the concentration measurements of instruments need to be within 5% of each other.
  4. Run samples of cells on Vi–CELL XR using the desired Cell Types. Cells need to be > 2M/mL and > 50% viability (> 70% is preferred). Export data for later analysis. Replicate samples are recommended to improve statistical confidence.
  5. Run samples of the same cells on the Vi–CELL BLU using the nearest equivalent default Cell Type parameters (typically Mammalian). Export data for later analysis.
  6. Use Cell Type: Reanalysis option (Figure 1) to adjust Vi–CELL BLU Cell Type parameters to match cell concentration and viability to within 10% of report Vi–CELL XR concentration and within 5% reported viability. Save Adjusted Cell Types.

vi-cell blu software cell type parameters reanalysis option
Figure 1. Cell type parameter reanalysis option

  

Figure 2. Cell type renanalysis

 

Guidelines for Adjusting Cell Type Parameters

  1. Use the annotated images in Vi–CELL XR and Vi–CELL BLU software to determine which parameters to adjust.
  2. Min and Max Diameters and Decluster Degree will most likely change the Cell Concentration value and reported Average Diameter. These parameters have the biggest impact on which objects are included in the overall count (analysis population). Use annotation to adjust if small or large cells are circled blue.
  3. Viable spot brightness is adjusted to match viability, use image annotations to adjust if dead cells are circled green or live cells are circled red (see next slide). Note that Viable Spot Brightness is inversely related to Viability % as increasing the brightness threshold for what defines a live cell will reduce the number of cells scored as live.
  4. Decluster degree can be increased if cells are not accurately counted in clumps or decreased if excess cells are present in clumps. Note that changing decluster will require the full image set to be saved to get accurate results as the images have to be reanalyzed to generate a new object population.
  5. Circularity and sharpness can be increased to eliminate debris. Viable spot area can also beused to filter out debris.

For cells that deviate significantly between the instruments, check the analysis images and ensure that there are not excessive clumping or for cells are inadequately stained. Some cell types such as adherent cells can be rather clustered whereas yeast and other cell walled organisms may show resistance to trypan blue uptake. To help address this it may be necessary to rerun samples with the following changes.

Increasing Aspiration cycles can be used to declump cells.
Increasing Trypan Blue Mixing Cycles can be used to allow for more staining time if dead cells seem faint and are not circled red.

To evaluate the instrument matching approach cells were run on 3 Vi–CELL BLU and 3 Vi–CELL XR systems using the same default cell profiles as outlined below. The goal is to match the systems within +/–5% (10% range) for Concentration and Diameter and within +/–2.5% (5% range) for Viability. This degree of tolerance was chosen as it falls within the performance criteria for the Vi–CELL BLU instrument. Users can determine their own degree of matching but these general guidelines will typically put the measured values within statistically acceptable limits.

Results

CHO Cells

CHO cells were run on the Vi–CELL XR and Vi–CELL BLU. A default CHO cell profile was used on the Vi–CELL XR and the default Mammalian Cell Profile used on the Vi–CELL BLU.

  Vi-CELL BLU   Vi-CELL XR

Cell Type

Mammalian CHO
Minimum Diameter (μm) 6

Maximum Diamter (μm)

30 70
Images 100 50
Cell Sharpness  7 100
Minimum circulatiry    0.1 0
Decluster degree Medium  Low
Aspiration cycles  3 1
Viable spot brightness 8%) 55 75
Viable spot area (%) 5 5
 Mixing cycles 3 3

 

cell concentrations from 3 vi-cell blu systems and 3 vi-cell xrs chart

Figure 3. Cell concentrations from 3 Vi-CELL BLUs and 3 Vi-CELL XRs

 

cell viability from 3 vi-cell blu systems and 3 vi-cell xrs chart

Figure 4. Cell viability from 3 Vi-CELL BLUs and 3 Vi-CELL XRs 

 

cell diameter from 3 vi-cell blu systems and 3 vi-cell xrs chart

Figure 5. Cell diameter from 3 Vi-CELL BLUs and 3 Vi-CELL XRs 

 

The Vi–CELL BLU instruments matched the values of the Vi–CELL XR systems within statistical limits. Taking the average of the two systems populations cell concentration, viability and diameter match within the target limit of +/–5%. No further refinement appears necessary in this case as the default Mammalian Cell Type works very well here.

  Concentration +/- 5%  Viability +/- 2.5% Average Diameter +/- 5% 
 Vi-CELL XR Average  2.05 95.46 16.23
 Vi-CELL BLU Average 2.02 93.51 16.52
 Difference from XR Average  -1.66%  1.14% 1.79%

 

HELA Cells

HELA is a widely used cell type for cell biology research but unlike CHO and Jurkat cells HELAs are grown attached to a solid substrate and require trypsinization to release them into suspension. As such they can be prone to more clustering than suspension cells. They also have a different size distribution compared to CHO cells.
To evaluate the default mammalian cell profile against another mammalian cell line HELAs were grown in flasks and then released and suspended at a concentration of approximately 6M/mL.
The cells were run on 3 Vi–CELL BLU and 2 Vi–CELL XR systems using the same default profiles as outlined above. The averages for the systems were used for the matching exercise. The goal is to match the systems within +/–5% (10% range) for Concentration and Diameter and within +/–2.5% (5% range) for
Viability. This degree of tolerance was chosen as it falls within the performance criteria for the Vi–CELL
BLU instrument. Users can determine their own degree of matching but these general guidelines will typically put the measured values within statistically acceptable limits.

  Vi-CELL BLU Vi-CELL XR

Cell Type

Mammalian CHO
Minimum Diameter (μm) 6 6

Maximum Diamter (μm)

30 70
Images 100 50
Cell Sharpness 7 100
Minimum circulatiry 0.1 0
Decluster degree Medium Low
Aspiration cycles 3 1
Viable spot brightness 8%) 55 75
Viable spot area (%) 5 5
Mixing cycles 3 3

In addition to the default a combination of different variants of cell profiles was used to reanalyze the data to define a range of settings based on the default Mammalian profile to determine if a more precise match between the Vi–CELL BLU and Vi–CELL XR could be found. These are summarized below.

 

Cell Type MT01 MT02 MT03 MT04 MT05 MT06 MT07 MT08  MT09 MT10

 Minimum Diameter (μm)

6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5
 Maximum Diameter (μm) 20 40 20 40 20 40 20 40 20 20
 Images 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
 Cell Sharpness 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 7
 Minimum Circularity 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
 Decluster Degree High High High  High Low Low Low Low Low None
 Aspiration Cycles 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
 Viable Spot Brightness (%) 40 40 90 90 40 40 90 90 75 75
 Viable Spot Area (%) 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
 Mixing Cycles 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

 

cell concentration matching for HELA cells vi-cell blu and vi-cell xr chart

Figure 6. Cell concentration matching for HELA cells 

 

cell viability matching for HELA cells vi-cell xr and vi-cell blu chart

Figure 7. Cell viability matching for HELA cells

 

cell average diameter matching for HELA cells vi-cell blu and vi-cell xr chart

Figure 8. Cell average diameter matching for HELA cells 

 

The table below shows the percentage difference between the Vi–CELL BLU values for the different cell profiles used compared to the Vi–CELL XR.

 

Cell Profile  Concentration +/-5% Viability +/- 2.5  Average Diameter +/- 5% 
 Mammalian  -0.01% 2.73% -2.53%
 MT01 4.82% 9.84%  -2.84%
 MT02 5.00% 9.52% -1.85%
 MT03 4.34% -7.42% -2.46
 MT04 2.23% -7.63% -1.58%
 MT05 5.35% 9.54% -1.08%
 MT06 5.92% 9.82% -0.08%
 MT07 5.26% -6.30% -0.68%
 MT08 6.40%
-7.31%
 0.25%
 MT09 2.32%  -1.81% -3.19%
 MT10 -13.43% -3.04% -1.67%

From the table above we can see that the default Mammalian profile provided a good match for Concentration, viability and average diameter. However Cell Profile MT09 appears to be a stronger cell type candidate as its results are a closer match for all 3 parameters

Further refinement of the MT09 profile could be applied if a closer match was desired. Altering the cell profile as show below improves the match for Viability and Diameter even further.

Cell Type MT09 MT09*
Minimum Diameter  5 5
Maximum Diameter 20  25
Images 100 100
Cell Sharpness 7 7
Minimum Circularity 0.1 0.1
Decluster Degree Low Low
Aspiration Cycles 3 3
Viable Spot Brightness (%)  75 70
Viable Spot Area (%) 5
Mixing Cycles 3 3

 

Cell Profile Concentration +/- 5% Viability +/- 2.5  Average Diameter +/- 5% 
 MT09 2.32%  -1.81% -3.19%
 MT09* 2.58% -1.25% -1.71%

 

Conclusion

To match values between a Vi–CELL XR and Vi–CELL BLU the recommendation is to start with the most appropriate default Cell Profile in the Vi–CELL BLU software for the cell type being sampled. Only if the result deviates more than the desired value (5% or 10% for example) should further fine tuning be necessary.

 

* Results may vary for different cell lines, concentrations or viability ranges

 

 

Vi-CELL MetaFLEXThe Vi-CELL MetaFLEX and Vi-CELL BLU make a perfect pair. Discover the Vi-CELL MetaFLEX

A cellular environment can change quickly. The Vi-CELL MetaFLEX is a bioanalyte analyser that quickly monitors changes in cell metabolic activity. It utilises thick film technology and miniaturised sensors to measure pH, pO2, pCO2, glucose, lactate, electrolytes and more parameters. All tests are carried out on just 65 μL of sample.

 

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