Biomek i-Series Automated Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit Protocol

Biomek Automated Genomic Sample Prep Accelerates Research

Introduction

Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol converts mRNA from total RNA into a template sample of known origin. The protocol first uses poly-T oligo attached magnetic beads to isolate mRNA. Strand specificity is attained by replacing dTTP with dUTP in the second strand cDNA synthesis step. Knowing the strand origin improves transcript annotation accuracy and alignment efficiency, reducing sequencing costs per sample. Uniform high coverage provided by the Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol ensures its suitability for multiple applications such as discovering alternative transcripts, gene fusions, and allele-specific expression (Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Library Prep Guide15031047-e). In this technical note, we present the automation of the Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol on Biomek i7 Dual Hybrid (Multichannel 96, Span-8) Genomics Workstation.

When compared to manual operations, the Illumina TruSeq Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit automated on Biomek platform provides:

  • Reduced hands-on-time and increased throughput – option to run the method end to end with only setup and tear-down touch-points
  • Reduction in pipetting errors
  • Reduction of cost by using low reagent volumes
  • Standardized workflow for improved results
  • Quick implementation with demonstrated methods
  • Knowledgeable support for reagents, automation and methods all from a single vendor

Spotlight: Biomek i7 Dual Hybrid (Multichannel 96, Span-8) Genomics Workstation

System features deliver reliability and efficiency to increase user confidence and walk-away time, compared to manual operation.

  • 300uL or 1200uL Multichannel head with 1-300uL and 1-1200uL pipetting capability
  • Span-8 pod with fixed and disposable tips
  • Enhanced Selective Tip pipetting to transfer custom array of samples
  • Independent 360˚ rotating gripper with offset fingers optimize access to high density decks
  • High deck capacity with 45 positions
  • Orbital Shakers, peltiers, span-8 and 96 channel Tip washing for controlling sample processing
  • Spacious open platform design to integrate ondeck and off-deck elements (e.g. thermocyclers) 
Biomek i7 Dual Hybrid (Multichannel 96, Span-8) Genomics Workstation

Figure 1. Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol.

Illumina approved stop points and method start/stop points

Figure 1. Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol.

 

Process Time
24 Samples 96 Samples
Prepare Reagents, Set up Instrument 15 min 30 min
cDNA Synthesis 4 hr, 3 min 4 hr, 22 min
Sample Construction 3 hr, 13 min 4 hr, 5 min
Total* 7 hr, 30 min 8 hr, 57 min

*Timing estimate includes incubations and thermocycling.

Timing estimate do not include reagent thawing.

Table 1. Estimated run times for Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol on the Biomek i7 Dual Hybrid Genomics Workstation. 

Figure 2. Biomek Method Launcher provides an easy interface to start the method.

Figure 2. Biomek Method Launcher provides an easy interface to start the method.

 

Figure 3. Biomek Method Options Selector indicate sample number and processing options.

Figure 3. Biomek Method Options Selector indicate sample number and processing options.

Automated Method

Automation of the Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol provides efficient library preparation with minimal hands-on time (Table 1). The automated method is designed to minimize the exposure to hazardous reagents (e.g. Actinomycin D) and to separately collect the reagents for convenient disposal as biohazardous waste. By the use of Biomek Method Launcher, the users can easily implement and adapt the method to suit their needs.

1. Biomek Method Launcher (BML): User friendly interface

BML is a user friendly interface for securely launching the method without introducing errors during method setup (Figure 2). BML enables users to monitor the progress of the run, off site. The method steps are organized in a modular manner for workflow optimization (Figure 1).

2. Method Options Selector (MOS):

Superior flexibility MOS provides several sample number and sample processing options (e.g. insert size selection, adaptor transfer options, thermocycling options) to maximize flexibility and the adaptability of the method. Modular workflow provides workflow optimization. Ability to start parts of the method based on the user constraints and logical start and stop points assigned based on Illumina’s recommendations, maximizes the adaptability of the method (Figures 1, 3). In addition, optional pause steps are included for placing adaptors on deck. The thermocycling steps can be done either off-deck or on-deck using an automated thermocycler (ATC Thermo Fisher; Figure 4).

Figure 4. Deck Layout for TruSeq Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol on Biomek i7 Dual Hybrid for 96 samples with on-deck thermocycling option. Thermo Scientific’s ATC

Figure 4. Deck Layout for TruSeq Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol on Biomek i7 Dual Hybrid for 96 samples with on-deck thermocycling option. Thermo Scientific’s ATC

3.Guided Labware Setup (GLS): Step by step instructions

GLS provides the user specific text and graphical setup instructions such as reagent volume calculations and step-by-step instructions to prepare reagents and place labware (Figure 5). The GLS guides the users to place Illumina low throughput and high throughput adaptor labware on deck along with custom adaptor plates (Figure 6). The steps are generated based on the options selected in MOS. For instance, selecting automatic adaptor transfer creates dataset driven adaptor ID logs, indicating which adaptor has been assigned to which sample, through Biomek software Data Acquisition and Reporting Tool (DART). DART gathers data and synthesizes runtime information from Biomek log files to capture all sample manipulations during the course of the method. Alternatively, users also have the option to customize adaptor assignments by uploading a .csv file.

Figure 5. Guided Labware Setup indicates reagent volumes and guides the user for correct deck setup

Figure 5. Guided Labware Setup indicates reagent volumes and guides the user for correct deck setup

Figure 6. Guided Labware Setup enables selecting index tube layout

Figure 6. Guided Labware Setup enables selecting index tube layout 

Experimental Design

Universal human reference mRNA (UHR 500 ng/µl, 250 ng/µl, 50 ng/µl , 25 ng/µl; 4-6 replicates from each)was used for the automation of the Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol on the Biomek i7 Dual Hybrid (Multichannel 96, Span-8) Genomics Workstation with on-deck integrated Thermo Fisher Scientific Automated Thermo Cycler (ATC). After the preparation, the libraries were analyzed on Agilent TapeStation 2200 with Agilent High Sensitivity D5000 ScreenTape system and by qPCR (Applied Biosystems 7900HT Fast real time PCR system) using KAPA Sample Quantification Kit.

Results

Agilent TapeStation results indicated that the prepared libraries are of expected size for Illumina stranded mRNA libraries (Approximately around 260 base pairs, Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Library Prep Guide15031047-e; Table 2; Figure 7). As indicated by Illumina, the library yield increased with the amount of input RNA (Table 2). Overall, the quantity and the quality of mRNA libraries are appropriate for the sequencing and downstream applications (Approximately 10nM of samples are used for the proceeding steps, Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Library Prep Guide15031047-e).

Sample ID Index Primer TapeStation size (bp) qPCR Yield (nM)
UHR 500 Rep3 AD015 293 469.3
UHR 500 Rep4 AD016 303 443.4
UHR 500 Rep5 AD007 294 441.9
UHR 500 Rep6 AD012 301 440.2
UHR 250 Rep3 AD018 279 299.5
UHR 250 Rep4 AD019 298 311.3
UHR 250 Rep5 AD013 283 262.2
UHR 250 Rep6 AD014 282 305.8
UHR 50 Rep3 AD002 259 61.5
UHR 50 Rep4 AD004 256 59.5
UHR 50 Rep5 AD015 259 50
UHR 50 Rep6 AD016 250 51.4
UHR 25 Rep3 AD005 242 12.2
UHR 25 Rep4 AD018 255 13.6
NTC AD006 N/A 5.2
NTC AD019 N/A 10.6

Table 2. Sample quantification of automated Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit protocol using Agilent TapeStation 2200 and qPCR. NTC: No Template Control.

Figure 7. Electropherogram (Sample intensity vs. size in base pairs) of Agilent TapeStation corresponding to UHR250 replicate3 showing the libraries around expected size of the marker

Figure 7. Electropherogram (Sample intensity vs. size in base pairs) of Agilent TapeStation corresponding to UHR250 replicate3 showing the libraries around expected size of the marker

Summary

We automated the Illumina TruSeq® Stranded mRNA Sample Preparation Kit on Biomek i7 Dual Hybrid (Multichannel 96, Span-8) Genomics Workstation. Our assessments indicate that the quality and the quantity of prepared libraries are in good condition for sequencing. When compared to manual operation, the automated protocol increases the sample preparation efficiency by reducing the hands-on time. In addition, Biomek Method Launcher provides a user friendly interface where the user can easily customize and run the method.

Contact Us