Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) or cachectin is a cytokine that was first identified based on its cytotoxic activity against various cell lines and tumor cells. Human TNFα is synthesized as a pro-protein with a molecular weight of 26 kDa (membrane-bound form). The pro-protein is cleaved by a specific metalloprotease (TACE) yielding a monomeric, soluble form of 17 kDa. Under physiological conditions, TNFα forms a homotrimeric protein. This cytokine is primarily produced by mononuclear phagocytes, and by activated lymphocytes. Immunostaining allows intracellular detection of TNFα before it can be detected by a bioassay. TNFα acts on target cells by binding to two types of receptors, the TNFα receptor I (TNF-RI or CD120a) and the TNFα receptor II (TNF-RII or CD120b). TNFα elicits a wide spectrum of immune and inflammatory responses, including the induction of other cytokines and immunoregulatory molecules, cell growth and differentiation and apoptosis. This molecule is also involved in Th1 - Th2 (T helper 1 - T helper 2) cytokine pathways (or Type 1 - Type 2 responses), as a Th1-effector cytokine. *Alexa Fluor and Pacific Blue are registered trademarks of Molecular Probes, Inc.

Specifications

Specificity TNFα
Form Content
Clone IPM2
Flow Product Line IOTest
Isotype IgG1 Mouse
Format Liquid
Size 0.5 mL
Regulatory Status ASR
Target Species Human
UNSPSC 41116015

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No Regulatory Status: Non-Medical Device or non-regulated articles. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.