CytoFLEX Technology

CytoFLEX Platform Wavelength Division Multiplexer WDM for flow cytometry

CytoFLEX Platform Wavelength Division Multiplexer WDM

A unique assembly of technologies contributes to the exquisite sensitivity of the platform. Borrowing technology from the telecommunications industry, the Wavelength Division Multiplexer (WDM) deconstructs and measures multiple wavelengths of light. The WDM relies on fiber optics and band pass filters to separate the light wavelengths. Unlike more traditional instruments, multiple dichroic filters to direct the light path are not required. This makes it much easier to configure the fluorescence channels, but also increases light efficiency as light loss due to refraction is minimized.

Avalanche Photodiode Detector for flow cytometry

Avalanche Photodiode Detector from the CytoFLEX

The WDM utilizes Avalanche Photodiode detectors (APD), versus Photomultiplier tubes (PMT). One hallmark of the photodiode is the high quantum efficiency in excess of 80%, especially for wavelengths greater than 800 nm.

Flow cell with integrated optics for flow cytometry

Flow cell with integrated optics for flow cytometry

With conventional analyzers, laser excitation sources are optimized by shaping and focusing light through a series of lenses and filters onto the flow cell. Each of these light interactions is an opportunity for light loss. Another component of the system which increases efficiency is the use of integrated optics to focus light onto the flow cell.  All of these technologies work together in the CytoFLEX to ensure efficient light management for optimal excitation and emission of fluorochrome-tagged cells, which is critical to its performance.